Conversion of debt into equity by ARCs – Review


Securitisation Companies / Reconstruction Companies (SC/RCs) are permitted to convert a portion of debt into shares of the borrower company as a measure of asset reconstruction provided their shareholding does not exceed 26% of the post converted equity of the company under reconstruction.

Reserve Bank of India vide its circular number RBI/2017-18/101 DNBR.PD(ARC)CC. No.04/26.03.001/2017-18, review the limit limit imposed on shareholding of the post converted equity of the borrower company under reconstruction by Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs), now it has been decided to exempt ARCs meeting the criteria from the cap of 26% subject to compliance with the provisions of the SARFAESI Act, 2002, Guidelines/ Instructions issued by Reserve Bank of India from time to time as applicable to ARCs as well as Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999, Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, Companies Act, 2013, SEBI Regulations and other relevant Statutes. The extent of shareholding post conversion of debt into equity shall be in accordance with permissible Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) limit for that specific sector.

ARCs that meet the conditions mentioned below are exempted from the limit of shareholding at 26% of post converted equity of the borrower company :

  • The ARC shall be in compliance with Net Owned Fund (NOF) requirement of ₹ 100 crore on an ongoing basis.
  • At least half of the Board of Directors of the ARC comprises of independent directors;
  • The ARC shall frame policy on debt to equity conversion with the approval of its Board of Directors and may delegate powers to a Committee comprising majority of independent directors for taking decisions on proposals of debt to equity conversion;
  • The equity shares acquired under the scheme shall be periodically valued and marked to market. The frequency of valuation shall be at least once in a month.

The ARC shall explore the possibility of preparing a panel of sector-specific management firms/ individuals having expertise in running firms/ companies which could be considered for managing the companies.


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